January 5, 2021 -Italian citizenship by marriage: what are the requirements?

Citizenship process is a very complex path to follow, but if Colin Fitrh did it, why wouldn’t you? He got his Italian citizenship after beign married with film producer Livia Giuggioli since 1997. Here below you will find some tips that will help you know whether you can apply for Italian citizenship by marriage or not.

First of all, you need to know that the spouse or partner of an Italian citizen that has been resident for at least 2 years and who has a valid residence permit can apply for Italian citizenshio after 2 years from the date of marriage/civil union, which become one if the couple has children (also adopted). Instead, if the spouse above mentioned resides abroad, he/she can apply for citizenship after 3 years frame the date of marriage or civil union, reducing to 18 months if there are children involved.

What about same sex couple? Can they apply for citizenship? Of course they can! The application can be made 2 years after the marriage if residing in Italy or 3 years after if residing abroad. Moreover, the Italian spouse must be registered with AIRE (registry of Italian citizens living abroad – kept by Italian Consulates).

Some other requirements you may need are the language test and your criminal records.

The test requires you to demonstrate that you hold at least a B1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL). However, if you have a long-term EU residence permit or you are already living in Italy and comply with the Integration Agreement provisions or you have a qualification from an Italian state school or state-recognized private school, are exempt from this requirement.

In relation to you Criminal Records, you need to ask to your country of origin or the country(ies) where you have resided to issue this kind of document, proving that you are not a problem for public or national safety.

Things change if you married a man before 1983, but why? Because any woman who married an Italian man up until April 27, 1983 obtained Italian citizenship in an automatic from the date of the marriage.

Last but not least: do not split before citizenship adjudication! Citizenship by marriage can only be applied for if the couple is still married or joint in a civil union and the bond is still in effect at the time of adjudication.

In a nutshell, these are some basic requirements you must always have in mind if you deal with Italian citizenship application by marriage.

November 25, 2020Are you a UK Citizen? Here’s some rules to travel in the Schengen Area from 2021

The first thing you should know is that British citizens will be treated as “third country nationals” when entering to the Schengen zone from January 1st 2021. This change necessarily brings some important consequences.

First of all, they will be subject to checks by border authorities who will verify their passport and leave a stamp on it. The authorities will also verify the purpose and length of their stay as well as if they have sufficient funds. Considering the length of stay, British citizen can travel visa-free in the Schengen area for a maximum of 90 days. Instead, if their stay is much more longer then that they will need a national visa.

Furthermore, Airport Transit Visa (ATV) will be also necessary to pass through airports in the Schengen area. This doesn’t only apply to non-EU citizens, but also to family members of EU nationals who have settled status in the UK. Britons will have to use “all passports” and won’t be able to use e-gates which are now reserved to EU countries and a few other countries such as Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, at least until 2022 when the EES (Entry Exit System) will be introduced. This will allow Brits to use e-gates without the need to stamp passports. In the second half of the previous mentioned year, the EU will introduce also the ETIAS System (European Travel Authorisation and Information System) which will require non-EU citizens to apply for a travel authorisation online before their trip at the cost of 7 Euros.

But what about UK citizens living in the EU before the end of Brexit transition?

Things are different for this category of people because their rights are protected under the withdrawal agreement. Therefore, they will need to apply for a new residence document and they will be provided with a ‘uniform card’ that states that it is issued according to the above mentioned agreement. This document can be used at border control. Plus, their passport will not be stamped and there won’t be the need to check the purpose, length of stay and the presence of sufficient funds. This new residence document exempts non-EU family members from visas in other Schengen countries too.

British beneficiaries of the withdrawal agreement will also be exempt from the EES and the ETIAS. But they will still have to use the “all passports” or “visa not required” lanes at terminals. In conclusion, if you are a UK nationals that wish to move to the EU after January 2021, you will need to request a residence permit according to EU or national law and you can obtain the status of long-term resident after 5 years of continuous residence.

November 12, 2020 – “Invisible Italians and the struggle for citizenship”

A large number of people is struggling to be recognised as Italian citizens, despite the fact that they feel a 100% Italian, and therefore, to access healthcare and jobs. It is quite clear that the Italian citizenship law should be reformed. But what are the problems and consequences linked to the lack of Italian citizenship for people who were born in Italy or who have lived there for so long?

Several testimonies have shown the complexity of the issue, as a result of which many of these people are basically ‘Invisible Italians’. They are denied many fundamental rights such as the right to vote and access to healthcare becomes difficult, because when the residence permit expires, so does healthcare coverage. The lack of citizenship also affect job opportunities, since public tenders are reserved to Italian citizens for example. For this reason, thousands of young people have gathered in a movement known as “Italiani senza cittadinanza”, advocating for change.

But why application for citizenship is so difficult?

First of all, citizenship process is based on the 1992 law, which awards citizenship mainly by blood ties, making it tough for people with non-Italian parents. Two other major problems are the amount of time lost in waiting documents from foreign countries and the inaccurate information given by some Italian officers of Public Administrations. Many people stated that some of the documents requested were actually useless.

Then, the leader of the Lega Party, Matteo Salvini came out to complicate the process even further, doubling the number of years to process a citizenship application from 2 to 4 years. Recently, these “Security Decrees” have been modified taking the processing times to 3 years. Despite the fact that many things have changed from 1992, citizenship laws are far from being approachable.

November 9, 2020 – Useful tips for traveling to Italy during Covid 19

The first thing you need to know is that Italy is currently in a state of emergency until January 2021. After being hard hit in the early stages of the pandemic, it was one of the first to reopen to visitors in June, although entry was basically limited to EU residents.
Until November 24, there’s unrestricted travel to EU residents. Arrivals from Belgium, France, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK must test negative on arrival, while arrivals from Romania must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.
Arrivals are also allowed from 10 non-EU countries: Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia and Uruguay, but they must not take public transport to their destination and they must self-isolate as well for 14 days on arrival.
Tourism is not currently allowed from any other country, including the United States, and the Nation has been divided into three different areas (yellow, orange and red), in relation to how serious the situation is in a single Region.
In yellow zones (lowest case numbers), bars and restaurants close at 6 p.m.; restaurant groups are limited to six people. Local festivals have been banned, and museums, theaters, cinemas and gyms are closed. Shopping centers are closed at weekends. There is a nightly curfew from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
In orange zones (higher risk), restaurants and bars are closed entirely and regional borders are closed. People can move freely within their own towns, but cannot leave their area unless for work or an emergency.
In red zones (highest risk), all shops are closed other than grocery stores and pharmacies. People may only leave their homes for work or health reasons.
Considered all that, always remember to wear your mask, since it is mandatory to wear it in public, even outside. You can also download App Immuni that can help you track contact with potential infection using your bluetooth.

November 6, 2020 – UK driving licence? Swap it for an Italian one 

Why do you need to change your UK driving licence for an Italian one? Here’s the thing: rules on driving licence recognition may change from January 2021 and you may have to re-sit your driving test. The deadline for the change is 31st of December.

You can exchange a UK driving licence if it is a photocard licence or a paper one. It should be converted before the expiry date, but in some case it is possible to make the change even if it has already expired. However, not all the driving licenses are exchangeable that is why it is always better to check the Italian Ministry of Transport website. It is possible to exchange your licence at one of the agencies of the Italian Ministry of Transport, known as ‘uffici della motorizzazione civile’ and it is possible to find a list of them in the above mentioned website. Otherwise, you can use an office of the ACI, or Automobile Club d’Italia.

What documents do you need and how much does it cost?

You will need to provide:

  • a completed application form called a TT 2112 form, which you can find at a  local ACI office or at the Italian Ministry of Transport agency;
  • your current licence and a photocopy of the front and back of it
  • a valid ID document, for example a UK passport and a photocopy of it
  • Your  tax code (codice fiscale) and a photocopy
  • Two recent passport-sized photographs

You may be asked to show evidence of your residency in Italy by presenting your residency document. In case your licence has expired or has nearly expired, you could be asked to provide a medical certificate from your local doctor. The price for this service is around €42 in total. The exchange process can take up to four months to complete.

What happens after the exchange? Can I hold both driving licenses?

Unfortunatelly, we can not hold two different driving licenses at the same time, therefore when you apply to exchange your licence you may be asked to surrender your current licence. They will provide you a temporary paper one while waiting to receive the official Italian driving license, but you can not use this temporary paper to drive everywhere in the EU Countries or in the UK. Neverthless, if at some point you return to UK to settle, you can exchange your Italian licence back to a UK one without having to re-sit your test.

November 4, 2020 – Police Criminal Records

When you enter in a country to study, to work, to start a business or other kind of activites, you must guarantee that you are a nice person that can not represent a danger for National Security and public safety. That is way sometimes when you apply for a visa, for citizenship or for a job or similar things, you may be asked to show your police criminal record.

In Italy, we have mainly to two kinds of Police Criminal Records:

  1. The General Certificate of Good Conduct (Certificato Generale del Casellario) which contains all irrevocable measures of the Court regarding criminal, civil and administrative matters. It is usually required for administrative use, adoption, work, citizenship and migration (permit / residence permit), voluntary competition.
  2. The Certificate of Pending Charges (Certificato dei Carichi Pendenti) which contains information about pending criminal proceedings. It attests any accusations, various stages of proceedings and judgments. It is required for administrative use, adoption, labor emigration.

August 28, 2020 –  Schengen visas: on which grounds should a visa be refused?

As a general rule, a visa shall be refused when the examination of the application leads to one
or more of the following conclusions:
a) sufficient proof has not been given of unforeseeable and imperative reasons for not having been in a position to apply for a visa in advance;
b) the applicant has presented a travel document which is false, counterfeit or forged, or that is not valid three months beyond the intended date of departure from the territory of the Member States;
c) the applicant does not provide justification for the purpose and conditions of the intended stay;
d) the applicant does not provide proof of sufficient means of subsistence, both for the duration of the intended stay and for the return to his country of origin or residence,
or for the transit to a third country into which he is certain to be admitted, or is not in a position to acquire such means lawfully;
e) the applicant has already stayed for three months during the current six-month period on the territory of the Member States on the basis of a uniform visa or a visa with
limited territorial validity;
f) the applicant is a person for whom an alert has been issued in the SIS for the purpose of refusing entry;
g) the applicant is considered to be a threat to public policy, internal security or public health or to the international relations of any of the Member States, in particular where an alert has been issued in Member States’ national databases for the purpose of refusing entry on the same grounds;
h) the applicant does not provide proof of holding adequate and valid travel medical insurance, where applicable;
i) there are reasonable doubts as to the authenticity of the supporting documents submitted by the applicant or the veracity of their contents, the reliability of the statements made by the applicant or his intention to leave the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the visa applied for.


It is possible to import personal items duty/tax free for persons who transfer their residence from a non-EU country into the European Union. Tax exemption documentation is issued directly by the competent Customs Office at the port of arrival upon request of the person who owns the goods. Tax exemption is possible even if the person has not officially established residency in the EU. All that is required is that the person declares that s/he will effectively transfer within a 6 month period (article 9 (1) of COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1186/2009).

Pursuant to Art.3 of Ministerial decree n.489 of 5 December 1997 the transfer of residency may be proven in one of the following ways:

  • Certificate by the Town Hall where the person has chosen to move, including the names of the family members, the prior residential address and the date that the transfer will take place;
  • Declaration issued by the Italian Consulate abroad indicating the duration of the transfer to Italy and starting date;
  • Other documentation deemed appropriate by the local competent Customs Office, depending on the actual move in question and goods to be shipped. An example of such documents is:
    • Declaration from the person’s employer abroad;
    • Lease Contract where the person will be residing in Italy;
    • Declaration from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in cases such as diplomatic personnel or journalists.

In any case, it is the moving company’s responsibility to ensure that the proper documentation is prepared in order that the person moving into Italy can do so without having to pay duties or VAT tax.


Italian citizenship can be acquired by marriage or civil union (cittadinanza per matrimonio) under the following conditions:

1) The spouse or civil union partner of an Italian citizen who has been legally residing in Italy for two years

The spouse or partner in a civil union of an Italian citizen who has registered residenza for at least 2 years and holding a valid permesso di soggiorno, can apply for Italian citizenship after 2 years from the date of marriage or civil union, which is reduced to 1 year if the couple has children, also adopted, according to Italian law.

2) The spouse or civil union partner of an Italian citizen residing abroad

The spouse of an Italian citizen who resides abroad can apply for Italian citizenship after 3 years from the date of marriage or civil union, reduced to 18 months if the couple has children according to Italian law.

Citizenship by marriage can only be applied for if the couple is still married or joint in a civil union and the bond is still in effect at the time of adjudication. Applications by marriage can either be filed at the Italian Consulate or in Italy, provided that the applicant takes residency in Italy. For the acquisition of Italian citizenship by marriage/civil union, an adequate knowledge of the Italian language is required.

August 18, 2020 – What is the Schengen Information System and how it works?

The Schengen Information System (SIS) is a highly efficient large-scale information system that supports external border control and law enforcement cooperation in the Schengen States. The SIS enables competent authorities, such as police and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on certain categories of wanted or missing persons and objects.

What are the data listed in the SIS?

An SIS alert not only contains information about a particular person or object but also clear instructions on what to do when the person or object has been found. Data listed in the SIS include:

– persons for whom an alert has been issued;
– reason for the alert (this can be a prior overstay in the Schengen area or a warrant for arrest or extradition);
– action to be taken.


An obligation met by submitting the contracts to the Revenue Agency and paying the registration fee within 30 days from the date of the deed.
All lease contracts of any amount must be registered, providing their validity exceeds 30 days in a year.
To register a lease contract, the following must be paid:
• 2% of the yearly rent for urban properties;
• 0.50% of the annual payment multiplied by the number of yearly instalments for rural funds;
• 2% of the annual payment multiplied by the number of yearly instalments for all other real estate.
For the registration of the first yearly instalment, the registration fee cannot be less than euro 67,00.
The lessor and the tenant are liable for the payment in equal parts; however, both are jointly and severally liable for the payment of the entire sum.

August 16, 2020 – IDENTITY CARD: issuance, loss or theft, validity

An Identity Card is a personal recognition document that is valid in Italy.
Foreign Nationals and stateless persons who are resident in Italy can apply for an Identity Card by going to the Registry Office in the Comune where they are resident.

What documents are required?
The necessary documents are:
• 1 recent passport photograph;
• a valid passport;
• a valid residence permit.
Minors must present themselves at the Registry Office with the necessary paperwork, in the presence of a parent in possession of a valid form of identification and residence permit.
What shall I do in case of loss or theft?
The Foreign National must go to the Registry Office with:
• statement made with the Carabinieri (Italian Police) or at the Questura (Police Headquarters);
• 1 recent passport photograph;
• a valid residence permit.
How long is the ID card valid for?
In general, the identity card is valid for a period of 10 years and can be renewed. The application for renewal can be made in the 180 days prior to the expiry date.
It is necesssary to know that the identity card:
• has the same duration as the residence permit;
• is not valid abroad both for EU and non-EU citizens. It serves exclusively as an identification document;
• does not authorise the holder to remain in Italy without a residence permit or with an expired residence permit.

August 15, 2020 – How to obtain the passport if you live abroad

To be able to request a passport at one Italian Consulate you must already have been granted Italian citizenship, either at birth, or following a request for citizenship recognition.
Italian citizens residing for at least 6 months per year in the Consular jurisdiction must EITHER already be registered at the Consulate, OR have submitted an AIRE registration request at least 30 days prior to the scheduled passport appointment. This also applies to citizens currently registered in AIRE who were previously registered at another Consulate who satisfy the residency requirement. AIRE registration is a legal obligation of all Italian citizens (art. 6 of law 470/1988) and is required for passport issuance abroad.

To request a passport for a minor born outside of Italy, parents must have already submitted a request to register the minor’s birth certificate to a Consulate/Embassy abroad, or directly to a Comune in Italy at least 30 days prior to requesting the passport.

August 14, 2022 – How to fix errors and discrepancies on documents

• Errors – any documents containing errors (misspellings, incorrect dates, incorrect boxes checked, etc), must be corrected/amended BEFORE submitting those documents to this office. Any corrections and amendments will also require apostilles and translation.

• Discrepancies
o Ancestral Documents – discrepancies should be corrected when and where possible so that the documents reflect the same information on the ancestor’s birth certificate. If it is not possible to correct the discrepancies, applicants should take note of where these discrepancies occur in order point them out and explain them during their appointment

o Applicant’s documents – applicant’s vital records (marriages and births of any children under 18) must reflect his/her information (first name, any middle names, last name, and date of birth) as it appears on his/her original birth certificate. Any discrepancies or errors must be corrected BEFORE submitting documentation. If applicant was ever re-married, and the marriage certificate(s) show married last name, please ensure that the marriage certificate(s) show the applicant’s MAIDEN NAME AT BIRTH to prove that he/she is the same person as the one named on the birth certificate. If they do not, and it is not possible to amend the document, please note this discrepancy at the time of the appointment.

August 13, 2020 Requirement for translations of foreign documents

• Translation Requirements:
o EVERY SINGLE WORD on the original document must be translated;
o Translations must be COMPLETE, FREE OF ERRORS, prepared on a computer, printed, and with legible fonts;
o Any translations that are incomplete and/or that contain errors will NOT be accepted

• Who can perform the translation? Do I have to use a certified translator?
o Anybody fluent in the Italian language may perform the translation. While certified translators are not required, it is advisable to use a translator well versed in the language and jargon of the document being translated.
Public Offices advise not to use Google translator, as it is does not produce acceptable translations


If you are applying for Italian citizenship – citizenship for your children under 18 years old listed in your application will be recognized at the same time as you. You must provide all birth records for those children as specified in the vital record requirements for Italian citizenship by descent.

If You Already Have Been Granted Citizenship:

o Children UNDER 18 YEARS OLD – citizenship and AIRE registration for children that weren’t included in the Italian parent’s citizenship application will be processed when you register his/her birth certificate. You do NOT have to submit a separate citizenship application for him/her.
o Children Over 18 Years Old – children over 18 years old whose births were NOT registered in Italy by their Italian parent before they turned 18 must schedule an appointment for recognition of Italian citizenship through the Italian Authority in whose jurisdiction they reside.

August 10, 2020 – Legalization of foreign documents to be submitted in Italy

In order to be valid in Italy, acts and documents issued by foreign authorities must be legalised by Italian diplomatic-consular missions abroad.
With the exception of those submitted on multilingual forms pursuant to international conventions, such documents must also be translated into Italian.
The translations must be stamped “per traduzione conforme” (faithful translation). In countries where the legal distinction of official translator exists, the same translator can attest to the faithfulness of the translation, and his/her signature must then be legalised by the consulate; in cases to the contrary, the consulate must provide for certification of the translation as faithful. To legalise a document, the person concerned must bring the original document to the office (on appointment). In order to obtain certification of the faithfulness of the translation the person concerned must bring the original document and its translation in Italian to the consular office (on appointment). The above acts carry fees as per the current Table of fees.

The “apostille”

In Countries Party to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 abolishing the need to legalise foreign public documents another formality has taken its place: affixation of an apostille. A person from a country Party to the Convention is not required to ask the consulate to legalise a document, but can request that legalisation from the domestic authority designated by each country, and indicated for each country in the act of adhesion to the Convention, (normally it is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), to have an apostille placed on the document, whereby it is recognized as legal in Italy.
Countries that have ratified the Hague Convention are:

Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaigian, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei-Darrusalam, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Figi, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Grenada, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niue, Norway, Oman, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, South Africa, South Korea, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Swaziland, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela.

The authorities competent to affix the apostille for each of the above-mentioned countries are listed under “Authorities” on the website of the Hague Conference on Private International Law: http://www.hcch.net/.

August 7, 2020 – What is the ‘Integration Agreement’?

All foreigners over sixteen years old who submit an application for a residence permit with a duration of at least one year are required to sign an agreement with the Italian State whereby they commit to reach a number of integration goals within 2, maximum 3 years. The Integration Agreement outlines the goals that must be accomplished and includes a list of items that allows to earn points. Some items are mandatory such as Certification at the A2 level of Italian Language. Within the deadline it is necessary to accumulate 30 points. Foreigners who at the end of the 3 years have not obtained the required points may not be able to renew their permit and maintain a regular immigration status.

August 5, 2020 – Conditions to obtain permanent residency

After 5 years of legal and continuous stay in the country, a foreign national can apply for a permanent residence permit, named EU permit for long term residents (permesso di soggiorno UE per soggiornanti di lungo periodo). Generally speaking, the issuance of this permit is subject to:
– possession of a valid residence permit
– knowledge of Italian language (at least A2 level of the Common European Framework)
– have a minimum income not lower than the annual amount of the social allowance
– submission of police clearance
– for family members, possession of a “suitable” accommodation (Housing Feasibility Certificate)

August 4, 2020 – What activities can I undertake while traveling on a business visa/as a business visitor?

According to the definition of Inter-ministerial decree no. 850 of 11 May 2011 (Visa decree), a business visa allows entry into Italy for a short term stay (up to 90 days within a 180-day period):
⁻ for business (economic-commercial) purposes
⁻ to make contacts or conduct negotiations/arrange deals
⁻ for learning or verifying the functioning of capital goods purchased or sold under commercial and industrial cooperation agreements.
In case the foreign national is travelling further to an invitation from a company operating in Italy to make contacts, to conduct economic or commercial negotiations to learn or verify the functioning/use of machinery purchased or sold under commercial and industrial cooperation agreements with Italian company or for the relevant for professional refresher training, to visit the Italian company facilities
or to participate in exhibitions and trade fairs in Italy, it is necessary to have a “declaration of invitation/invitation letter” signed by the Italian Company
In some circumstances, business visa/business travel is granted to persons accompanying the applicant documented business reasons (i.e. a personal assistant).


land register for the purpose of taxation, showing details of properties ownership and value.
Promise to sell or pre-sale arrangement. It is best practice to sign it before proceeding with the purchase. It provides a further guarantee to the parties and protects you in case there is something wrong with the property. Be warned, however, you will not be able to pull out just because you have changed your mind. You will need to pay a deposit (usually of 10% of the total purchase price). Generally, the deposit is non-refundable, except in the event that the terms indicated in the contract are not respected.
applies whenever there is a formal transcription, registration, renewal, cancellation, and annotation in the relevant public registers (can be fixed or proportional).
applies whenever documents related to specific transactions (e.g. purchase of property, lease agreements etc.) are registered with authorities (can be fixed or proportional; for a purchase of property can never be lower than 1000 Euro).
levied on cadastral transactions following transaction, donation or inheritance agreements, (can be fixed or proportional).
calculated on property value. Everyone who owns a land or a property in Italy must pay this tax which is based on the property cadastral value. The amount depends on the local authority and the size, location, and category of property. “Primary homes” are exempted from this requirement.
VAT affects any exchange of goods and services in Italy, at a standard rate of 22% (but it can be also 4% or 10%). VAT is at the buyer’s charge. In case of real estate, if the property is sold by a building company directly and within 5 years from its construction, the Buyer is required to pay VAT (IVA) on the sale price as follows: 10% for non-luxury properties; 22% on luxury homes. A reduced rate of IVA (4%) applies to purchases with “Prima Casa” benefits and not applicable for luxury property.
In Italy, a house is defined “primary home” (prima casa) when it is located within the jurisdiction where the buyer is registered as a resident or where he/she intends to transfer his/her residency within 18 months from the date of execution of the purchase agreement. Taking out residency means that you are required to physically live there and be registered on public vital records (Residenza anagrafica). The owner must not have other properties in Italy on which he/she has claimed the primary home benefits and the property must not be registered as a luxury property.
Applying for residency means requesting the local authorities to register an individual as living in its territory. Generally, one is required to physically be there (at least at the time of application) and as a result, be registered on public vital records. A foreigner can apply for local residency only if in possession of a permit of stay document issued by national immigration authority (immigration compliant)


Moving abroad: the procedure for registering with A.I.R.E. when moving abroad can be accomplished in 2 ways:
1. Within 90 days of the transfer abroad, applicant/s fill out and sends a declaration (forms available at the
consulate/consulate websites) to the consular office having jurisdiction on the new place of residence. The
Italian municipality of last residency will be informed accordingly and – ideally within 2 days – the applicant/s
will be entered into the AIRE register.
2. Before leaving Italy, applicant can personally notify the Italian municipality of residency of the transfer. In any
case, it is still mandatory to accomplish point 1 above within 90 days in order to finalise the process. The
advantage is that in this case, the start date of the registration as resident abroad starts from the date on which
the applicant has personally notified the Italian municipality
Red flags:
* the transfer must be confirmed with the Consulate within a year or the individual will be removed from the
Italian records, and considered unknown/unreachable.
* Italians registered as residents abroad are no longer entitled to public health coverage in Italy. They are still
entitled to emergency treatment when returning temporarily to Italy, however for only three months

Returning to Italy: The procedure for de-registering with A.I.R.E. when returning to Italy is accomplished by filing an application requesting
to be registered as resident in a given municipality in Italy (thus registering back with the A.P.R. – Registry of Resident
Population, that is to say filing the residency registration (residenza). Ideally, it should be accomplished within 20 days.
The application can be filed only once the applicant has already transferred his/her address (cannot be filed while still
abroad). The Italian Town Hall of residence will then inform the Consulate of the official date of repatriation. If needed,
before departure applicants can request a Repatriation Declaration to the Consulate to obtain custom clearance for
personal belongings/vehicles.

Why should you register?

• It is compulsory (art. 6 Law no. 470/1988)
• it is connected to the individual’s Italian tax status
• individuals registered with AIRE are granted assistance with bureaucratic procedures by the consulate (issuance of certificate, passport renewals, driving licences renewal…).
• individuals registered with AIRE can vote even if abroad

July 31, 2020 – AIRE – Register of Italians Living Abroad – WHAT IT IS AND WHO SHOULD REGISTER? (part 1 of 2)

A.I.R.E. was established by Law no. 470/1988 to keep record of all Italian citizens resident abroad. It is the vital record
registry (Anagrafe) section where all Italians living abroad are registered. A.I.R.E. means vital record registry of Italians
residing abroad. It is managed by Italian municipalities on the basis of the data and information supplied by the
consulates. By way of background, in Italy there’s a vital record registry (Anagrafe) managed by each municipality where everyone
residing in Italy shall be registered. This is called A.P.R. (Registry of Resident Population) and must be updated whenever
there’s a change in the individual status (such as changes in citizenship status, address, marriage, birth etc.). Italian
nationals moving outside Italy for over 12 months shall inform the relevant authorities so that their name is transferred
from APR to AIRE, to reflect their status of Italian living abroad (AIRE obligations are only for Italian nationals). By law,
all Italian citizens must notify their anagrafe concerning any change in their status. Similarly, Italians registered as
residents abroad have the duty to inform the consular office in whose jurisdiction they reside about any variations in
their civil status.

Any Italian citizens have the right/duty (art. 6 Law no. 470/1988) to register with A.I.R.E. whenever they:

• Move outside Italy for longer than 12 months;
• Reside outside Italy either because they were born there or they have obtained Italian citizenship


What is it
The tax regime for new residents is dedicated to individuals transferring their residence to Italy and envisages a substitute tax on their foreign income. This beneficial regime aims at enhancing investments and attracting to Italy high-net-worth individuals.
Who can access the regime
This tax regime is available for “newly resident” individuals in Italy, who (regardless of their nationality or domicile) have been non-tax resident in Italy for at least 9 years out of the 10 years preceding their transfer to Italy. The incentive regime may be also extended to the family members of these individuals.
High-net-worth individuals transferring their tax residence to Italy are enabled to apply a substitute tax to their foreign income, amounting to €100,000 for each fiscal year, in lieu of the Italian Income Tax. Therefore, this taxation represents an alternative to the application of the ordinary taxation and the option is valid for a period of 15 years. The election for the regime may be extended to family members through the payment on their foreign income of a substitute tax amounting to €25,000 per member. Taxpayers may access to the regime submitting an advance tax ruling to the Italian Revenue Agency or exercising the option for substitute taxation in their tax return. Individuals transferring their tax residence have to pay inheritance and donation tax only for properties and assets existing within the Italian territory.

July 29, 2020 – HOW TO OBTAIN YOUR TAX ID NUMBER (CODICE FISCALE)? (part 2 of 2)

How to apply for a tax identification number abroad
Non-resident individuals who need to obtain the tax identification number can apply for it to the Italian consular authorities in the Country of residence.

How to apply for a tax identification number in Italy
Non EU citizens can obtain the tax identification number either at the Single desk for immigration “Sportelli Unici per l’immigrazione” or by any Police headquarters “Questure”. The Single desk for immigration issues the tax identification number to citizens who apply for entry into the Country either for employment purposes or for reunite with their family. Police headquarters assign the tax identification number to foreign nationals who require either the issuance or the renewal of a residence permit.
In any other situation, the tax identification number can be obtained from the offices of the Italian Revenue Agency, by submitting a request indicating the personal data and the residence for tax purposes where the card should be delivered.
Citizens from non-EU Countries must submit at least one of the following documents:
• a valid passport with visa (if required), or any other document accepted by the Italian authorities
• a certificate of identity issued by the Italian diplomatic or consular authorities of the Country of nationality (with photo)
• a valid residence permit (permesso di soggiorno)
• an ID card issued by the municipality of residence in Italy.
Non-EU citizens must also prove that they have the right to stay, even temporarily, in Italy.
Citizens of European Union may apply for the tax identification number to any office of the Italian Revenue Agency showing, along with the request for the assignment, a valid identification document (identity card or passport).
What to do in case of incorrect data on the tax identification number card
In case of incorrect data showed on the tax identification number card, a replacement must be required to any office of the Italian Revenue Agency, showing a valid identification document.

July 28, 2020 – WHAT IS CODICE FISCALE (Tax Code)? (part 1 of 2)

Codice Fiscale is a sequence of characters that identifies every taxpayer (natural persons, companies, legal persons, etc.) in relations with the Revenue Agency and with other bodies and public offices. For natural persons it is determined on personal data, for judicial entities it generally corresponds to the VAT code.
The tax code is automatically assigned to all citizens by the Information System . If it has not been assigned, it is necessary to go to the Office of the Revenue Agency with an identification document; for foreigners, a passport or residence permit (if required by the foreign citizen) are necessary; for newborn infants the birth certificate or the relative self-certification by the parent are sufficient.
The tax code can also be assigned by the offices of the Revenue Agency, by the Municipalities (for newborn infants, within sixty days from their birth) and by consulates (for individuals residing abroad), if they are connected to the IT system of the Revenue Agency.
For natural persons the characters (letters and numbers) of the tax code have the following meaning:
• the first three letters correspond to the first three consonants of the surname; if the surname has less than three consonants, the initial vowels are used in order to have three characters. If the surname has only two characters, the third character will be the letter X;
• the same criteria is valid for the first name, which provides the second set of three letters; if the name is formed by more than three consonants, the first, third and fourth are used;
• the first two numbers correspond to the last two numbers of the year in which the person was born;
• the ninth character is a letter that represents the month in which the person was born (the following letters are not used: F, G, I, N, O, Q, U, V, Z);
• the following two numbers are the day of birth, which for females is increased by 40 units;
• characters from 12 to 15 indicate the place of birth;
• and finally, the last character (check box) is calculated by the Tax register according to a specific algorithm.

July 27, 2020 – Can I extend my Schengen tourist/business Visa? (part n. 6 of 6)

The EU has very strict rules as to how a visa can be extended:
It must be extended if:
• the visa holder has provided proof of force majeure or humanitarian reasons preventing him from leaving the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the period of validity of the visa.
o Examples of reason of force majeure: last minute change of flight schedule by the airline –
o Example of humanitarian reasons: sudden serious illness of the person concerned (meaning that the person is unable to travel) or sudden serious illness or death of a close relative living in a Member State.
• It is mandatory to extend only for reasons of “force majeure” and not for “humanitarian reasons”.
It (the period of validity and/or duration of stay) may be extended:
• If the visa holder provides proof of serious personal reasons justifying the extension of the period.
• For business reasons, if these are urgent or unpredictable (although these cases are at the discretion of the local authorities)

July 26, 2020 – Schengen: what happens if I overstay my visa or 90 days? (part n. 5 of 6)

• You face being fined if you overstay even 1 day.
o Certain countries are much stricter. Germany, for example, is notorious for catching-out people who have overstayed.
• If the overstay is significant, you may be banned from travelling within the Schengen area for a period of time (can be several years).
• You run the risk of being put into the SIS (see question 15) for overstaying.
o You must first be de-listed before you have the possibility of reentering the Schengen Area.
o It also means that all Schengen authorities will be able to find you in the SIS.

July 25, 2020 – Schengen: will I be denied entry if I have a past criminal record? (part n. 4 of 6)

Questions about criminal convictions are not asked when applying for a Schengen visitor/business visas, and border agent don’t ask this either. Unlike most other countries, incoming passengers are normally not required to fill-in any additional paperwork to present to passport control officials.
If any officials or forms ask you about past criminal record, you must answer truthfully, but in general if it’s not more than 3 years of imprisonment, or crimes involving alien smuggling or drug offences that resulted in more than 2 years of imprisonment, then generally they will not refuse you entry or visa on that ground. Some countries have specific but are generally more concerned with offences committed in their country, rather than outside of the EU.

July 24, 2020 – How should I read the Schengen visa sticker? (part n. 3 of 6)

DURATION OF STAY: indicates the number of days you may stay in the Schengen area. The days should be counted from the date you enter the Schengen area (the entry stamp) to the date you exit the Schengen area (the exit stamp), i.e. both days included.

VALIDITY: The period of time between “FROM …UNTIL” provides the window in which you can travel to the Schengen area. This is usually longer than the number of days printed in the “DURATION OF STAY” field. The difference in period is meant to give flexibility to plan entry into and exit from the Schengen area. Be careful: your stay in the Schengen area must never exceed the exact number of days in the “DURATION OF STAY …DAYS” field. Also, regardless of how many days you have stayed in the Schengen area, you must leave no later than the date printed in the “UNTIL” field.”
The period of validity of a visa for one or two entries includes an additional 15 days grace period which does not affect the length of stay indicated on the visa: the 15 days are added to the period of validity but not to the “duration of stay” section on the visa (Article 24 OF Schengen Visa Code)

 “MULT” you may enter the Schengen Area as many times as you wish
 “1” that you may enter the Schengen Area once only ·
 “2” you may enter the Schengen Area twice

July 23, 2020 – What is a Schengen visa? Where and how I can apply? (part n. 2 of 6)

A Schengen visa is a short stay visa allowing its holder to circulate in the Schengen area with a view to:
 transit through or an intended stay in the territory of the Schengen States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180 days period (“short stay visa”),
 transit through the international transit areas of airports of the Schengen States (“airport transit visa”).

As a general rule, you must apply for a visa at the Consulate with jurisdiction on the country in which you legally reside. You must file the application at the Consulate of the country that you intend to visit, or – if you intend to visit more than one Schengen State, at the Consulate of the country of your primary destination (i.e. main purpose of stay or longest stay). If you intend to visit several Schengen States and the stays will be of equal length, you must apply at the Consulate of the country whose external borders you will cross first
Applications can be filed no more than three months before the start of the intended trip. It is advisable to apply at least 15 calendar days before the intended visit.

Documents needed:
 a passport with at least two empty pages issued within the last 10 years, valid for at least 3 months beyond the date on which you intend to leave the Schengen territory, or, in the case of multiple journeys, the date on which you intend to leave after the last stay.
 a visa application form completed and signed.
 a recent identity photograph conform to ICAO standards
 in the countries where the Visa Information System is operational your fingerprints will be collected when you submit your application (exemptions exist for specific categories of applicants).
 a visa fee non-refundable
 a travel medical insurance covering emergency medical, hospitalisation and repatriation (including in case of death). The minimum cover should be of 30.000 EUR. This insurance must be valid for the entire Schengen area and throughout the duration of the stay.
 various documents relating to the purpose of your stay, evidence of means of support during your stay and your accommodation.

During the processing time the consulate may ask to submit additional information or documents or you may be contacted for an interview.

July 22, 2020 – What is the Schengen area and how it works? (part 1 of 6)

Schengen is a little town in Luxembourg that gave name to the agreement that was signed there on 14 June 1985 by five of the ten member states of the then European Economic Community. The Schengen agreement established an area where the free movement of persons is guaranteed. The signatory states have abolished all internal borders in place of a single external border. There are shared common rules and procedures with regard to visas for short stays, asylum requests and border controls.
Main rules about Schengen visas are set forth in the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EC) No 562/2006) and the Visa Code (REGULATION (EC) No 810/2009).
Today, the Schengen area is comprised of 26 countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland

The Schengen area allows people to travel freely within its borders, without the need for a passport. Anyone from a Schengen Member State is automatically allowed to travel freely. Citizens from certain countries are allowed to travel within the Schengen area for up to 90 days every 180 days without requiring a visa. (See the list below). Any period of stay longer than 90 days requires a visa to be issued before travelling to any of the Schengen member states.

July 21, 2020 – 3 different types of birth certificate. What are the differences?

1) Certificato di nascita: lists only the individual’s name, date and place of birt
2) Estratto per riassunto: it is an excpert of the ifnormation which are listed in the City Hall’s archive about the individual. The Estratto includes data such as the name of parents, if the individuali is married or divorced, whether has acquired or lost Italian citizenship
3) Copia integrale is the legalized photocopy copy of the full page of the City Hall (Comune) archive, where are recorded all data about the individual.

July 20, 2020 – 3 ways to obtain Italian citizenship

Although Italian citizenship can be acquired in a variety of ways, the three most common routes are ancestry, marriage, and naturalization.

1) Italian Citizenship through Ancestry
Italian citizenship is based upon the principle of “jure sanguinis” (by right of blood). This means that a child who is born to an Italian father or mother, is also an Italian citizen, no matter where the child is born. People with an ancestor born in Italy may be eligible for citizenship, depending on a number of factors such as the date and place of birth of their parents, grandparents, and even great-grandparents.
2) Italian Citizenship through Marriage or Same-Sex Civil Union
Spouses (through marriage or same-sex civil union) of Italian citizens may be eligible to acquire citizenship. Timeline and location where to apply depends on where the spouses reside and if they have children
3) Italian Citizenship through Naturalization by Residency
Legal residents of Italy may be able to acquire citizenship. Procedure and time vary depending on a number offactors, such as their nationality, the length of time they have legally resided in Italy, their birthplace and the nationality of their parents and grandparents.

July 19, 2020 – Visa/Permit for medical care (VISTO/PERMESSO PER CURE MEDICHE) (part 5 of 5)

Foreign nationals residing abroad may organize planned medical treatment in Italy, for instance, if they need to undergo a special therapy available in the country. Italy offers a special visa for “medical care”, this type of visa can also be issued to an accompanying person.
After the applicant has organized the medical treatment and has made contact with the hospital or clinic of choice (it may be a public or private facility, provided it is acknowledged by Italian health authorities), next step is to collect the relevant documents and prepare the visa application that can be applied for by the applicant or by a family member or another representative on behalf of him/her.
In general, the visa application package includes the following documents
1. An official statement from the medical facility indicating duration and details of the therapy;
2. Proof of payment of at least 30% of the total cost of the therapy;
3. Health certificate, to attest the applicant health conditions and as evidence of the need for medical care;
4. Evidence of availability of funds to financially support the stay in Italy, the costs of the therapy, and the travel back to the home country at the end of the medical treatment.
Once the visa is issued the foreigner can travel to Italy and must apply for the relevant residence permit within 8 days from arrival. The residence permit for medical care can be extended for the whole duration of the medical treatment.

July 18, 2020 – Medical treatment coming from another EU country (part 4 of 5)

Persons who are insured in one of the EU Member States who intend to seek treatment in Italy may avail themselves of the health facilities and professionals of the Italian Health Service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale). If you want to come to Italy to be treated, you have two different ways to get coverage of costs from your health system, under the provisions of two sets of EU rules:
The Social Security Regulations: Direct healthcare with prior authorisation

Under these regulations, the health services provided by public or by NHS-affiliated health facilities or professionals are paid for directly by your health system (direct healthcare). Prior authorisation from your health insurance provider is always required. If it is granted, you will need to make no upfront payment, other than the co-payment (ticket) where applicable.
Directive on patients’ rights to cross-border healthcare: Indirect healthcare

This system does not provide for direct payment by your competent institution, so you must pay for the treatment upfront and then claim reimbursement from the same competent institution that authorised you. For certain types of treatment (e.g. at least one night in hospital, etc.), prior authorisation may be required to receive reimbursement.

see http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/cureUE/dettaglioContenutiCureUE.jsp?lingua=english&id=3916&area=cureUnioneEuropea&menu=italianHealthService

July 17, 2020 – Medical care for tourists (part 3 of 5)

As required by the Schengen rules, any foreign visitors traveling to Italy must ensure he/she is covered by a medical insurance valid for Schengen area covering medical fees, hospitalization and repatriation cost up to €30,000. You have certain health care rights during a temporary stay. You can access both emergency and standard healthcare services. In the first case, payment must correspond upon hospital discharge. In case of “non-emergency” treatment, advanced payment is required.

In case of need for medical assistance, foreign visitors in Italy can seek medical treatment either from public or private hospitals. Public hospitals provide both emergency and non-emergency services while private hospitals do normally provide non-emergency services only and do not have first aid service.
At public hospitals, emergency services are provided at no cost or upon payment of a limited fee, while non-emergency services are subject to a fee set locally by the Regional Health Authority. Private hospitals normally charge much higher fees than public hospitals. Of course, it is also possible to visit a private doctor by arranging an appointment directly with him/her.
When leaving the medical facility, the hospital will issue an invoice for the payment of the service: make sure to obtain a receipt as you can claim reimbursement from the private insurance plan that covers you.
The emergency number (for immediate medical attention or to call an ambulance) is 118. Otherwise, you can access the first aid station (Pronto Soccorso) directly.

see: http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/cureUE/dettaglioContenutiCureUE.jsp?lingua=english&id=3813&area=cureUnioneEuropea&menu=italianHealthService

July 16, 2020 – Healthcare rights for foreign expats (part n. 2 of 5)

In Italy, healthcare is considered a right. As a general rule, every foreign citizen can enjoy public health benefits in Italy. The comprehensive national health system is designed to provide assistance for all Italian citizens and residents, including foreign citizens who are legal residents of Italy. Foreigners registered with the National Health Service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale – SSN) are guaranteed full assistance under the same conditions as Italian citizens.
1. Free registration
Generally speaking, the following categories are entitled to free registration:
o Foreign citizens in possession of a permit who regularly work as employees/self-employees (lavoro subordinato, lavoro autonomo) in Italy or are enrolled with government employment agency;
o Foreign citizens in possession of or waiting for the renewal of a permit for employment, self-employment, family reasons, asylum, adoption/custody, citizenship acquisition, religious reasons;
o Dependent family members of all the above categories.
2. Voluntarily registration
If you are not eligible for “free” registration, an alternative to the private health coverage is “voluntary” registration with SSN. Once registered you will be guaranteed full assistance under the same conditions as Italian citizens. The registration requires the payment of a yearly lump sum calculated as follows:
o 7,50% rate up to an income equal to € 20.658,28;
o 4% rate on any amounts exceeding € 20.658,28 and up to a limit of € 51.645,69.
Medical care is provided through a network of hospitals, which can be either public or accredited private providers. Those registered are entitled to:

To choose a general practitioner whom you can consult/visit the during medical office opening. The GP shall also be contacted for:
(1). medical certificates;
(2). Prescription for specialist and diagnostic examinations;
(3). Request for non-emergency hospital admission;
(4). Prescription of medicines;
2. to be hospitalized free of charge if needed
3. to undergo free outpatient and in-home medical examinations and to obtain prescriptions for medications and specialist services.
Most care is free or low-cost. All patients (including foreigners legally resident) are asked to pay a co-pay fee (called “ticket”) before undergoing specialist examinations and for medicines. Exemptions exist for reasons such as chronic diseases, low-income patients, etc.. Co-payment is required for visits and medical examinations as well as for medicines, calculated on the basis of the individual’s income.
Healthcare facilities may vary in terms of quality in different regions of Italy. Foreigners may experience difficulties when attempting to register with or even obtain information from the Health authorities. This is because rules are often applied unevenly throughout Italy or even within the same region, sometimes due to the lack of clarity and sometimes because the public office staff is insufficiently trained.

July 15, 2020 – Italian health care system: how it works (part 1 of 5)

• The SSN is a regionally organized service, each region (such as Lombardy, Tuscany, etc.) is responsible for organizing and delivering health care through local health authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locali/ASL – often referred to by their former name Unità Sanitaria Locale/USL)
• the SSN provides hospitalization and treatment (including tests, surgery, and medication during hospitalization), visits to family doctors/ pediatricians (GPs), specialist medical assistance, discounted medicines, laboratory services, appliances, ambulance services.
• Urgent and essential services are guaranteed to anyone, also to irregular immigrants. Temporary visitors can receive health services by paying for the costs of treatment.
• The Italian National Health Service is funded through taxes and through co-payment of the cost of medicines and health services (the ‘ticket’). As far as the Italian social security system is concerned, this is funded by contributions paid by employers, employees and self-employed workers, as well as through general taxation. For an overview of social security rights in Italy, visit the website of the European Commission

see: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=1116&langId=en

July 14, 2020 – Can I import my personal goods if I move to Italy?

It is possible to import personal items duty/tax free for persons who transfer their residence from a non-EU country into the European Union. Tax exemption documentation is issued directly by the competent Customs Office at the port of arrival upon request of the person who owns the goods. Tax exemption is possible even if the person has not officially established residency in the EU. All that is required is that the person declares that s/he will effectively transfer within a 6 month period (article 9 (1) of COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1186/2009).
Pursuant to Art.3 of Ministerial decree n.489 of 5 December 1997 the transfer of residency may be proven in one of the following ways:
• Certificate by the Town Hall where the person has chosen to move, including the names of the family members, the prior residential address and the date that the transfer will take place;
• Declaration issued by the Italian Consulate abroad indicating the duration of the transfer to Italy and starting date;
• Other documentation deemed appropriate by the local competent Customs Office, depending on the actual move in question and goods to be shipped. An example of such documents is: (i) Declaration from the person’s employer abroad; (ii) Lease Contract where the person will be residing in Italy; (iii) Declaration from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in cases such as diplomatic personnel or journalists.

July 13, 2020 – Family visas: who Qualifies as a Dependant?

For the purpose of applying for a family permit as a family member of a NON-EU national, the following are recognised
as dependants:
• spouse, regularly married and of full legal age (at least 18), also same sex;
• children under 18 (also spouse’s children provided the other parent consent is granted);
• children over 18, only if financially dependent due to total disability
• financially dependent parents, provided they do not have any other children in their country of origin or
• parents over 65 if they do not have any other children who can financially support them in their home country
because of serious health reasons
Different and more favourable rules apply to family members of an EU citizen residing in Italy. The following can apply
for a family permit: spouse; direct descendants, also of the spouse (i.e. children, grandchildren, etc.) under 21 or
financially dependent; financially dependent direct ascendants, also of the spouse (i.e. parents, grandparents, etc.). An
application may be possible also for other family members (under certain circumstances) and for the partner with whom
the EU citizen has a durable relationship, duly attested by means of official documents

July 12, 2020 – Which foreign driving licenses can be converted to an Italian license?

Albania (until December 25, 2019), Algeria, Argentina, Brazil (until January 13, 2023), El Salvador (until August 4, 2021), Philippines, Japan, Israel (until November 10, 2018), Lebanon, Macedonia, Marocco, Moldova, Principato di Monaco, Korea, San marino, Sri Lanka (until March 4, 2022) Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine (until May 29, 2021) Uruguay (until May 17, 2020)


July 11, 2020 – How to find a job in Europe

EURES is the European Mobility Portal that helps jobseekers to find jobs and employers to recruit from all over Europe. EURES services include:

• Matching of job vacancies and CVs on the EURES portal
• Information and guidance and other support services for workers and employers
• Access to information on living and working conditions in the EU member states, such as taxation, pensions, health insurance and social security
• Specific support services for frontier workers and employers in cross-border regions
• Support to dynamic recruitment events through the European (Online) Job Days platform
• Information on and access to post-recruitment assistance, such as language training and support with integration in the destination country

see EURES website: https://ec.europa.eu/eures/public/en/homepage

July 10, 2020 – Can I work in other EU countries with my Italian permit?

Generally speaking, an Italian residence permit allows the holder to circulate within the Schengen area1 up to a maximum of 90 days in any 180 days as a visitor but does not allow any work activity in another EU country. An exception to this is given by the permit issued pursuant to the EU ICT Directive: the holder of an ICT permit can move to work in the framework of an intra-corporate transfer in another member state for up to 90 days in any 180 days without requesting an additional permit.

July 9, 2020 – Schengen Area: How does it work?

The Schengen area includes 26 EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

These countries have signed an agreement that allows people to travel freely within their borders, without the need for a passport. Anyone from a Schengen Member State is automatically allowed to travel freely to another Member State. Citizens from certain countries (for example USA, Canada, Japan, Australia) are allowed to travel within the Schengen area for up to 90 days every 180 days without requiring a visa, while for other countries (for example China, India, etc.) need a visa. Any period of stay longer than 90 days requires a visa to be issued before travelling to any of the Schengen member states.

July 8, 2020 – How to obtain permanent residency in Italy

After 5 years of legal and continuous stay in the country, a foreign national can apply for a permanent residence permit, named EU permit for long term residents (permesso di soggiorno UE per soggiornanti di lungo periodo). Generally speaking, the issuance of this permit is subject to:
1) possession of a valid residence permit
2) knowledge of Italian language (at least A2 level of the Common European Framework)
3) have a minimum income not lower than the annual amount of the social allowance
4) submission of police clearance
5) for family members, possession of a “suitable” accommodation (Housing Feasibility Certificate)

July 7, 2020 – What is a SPID and how to obtain it

SPID means Sistema Pubblico di Identità Digitale). According to the Italian system, SPID is a type of digital ID. At present, SPIDs are most commonly used by individuals for personal use, but now SPIDs for professional use are being issued. Besides, SPID are compatible not only to computers or laptops but also with tablets and smartphones and it allows online payments of taxes, issuance of electronic invoices, medical service reservations, etc., simply by entering a user name and a password. It is intended for easy access to services. The SPID is issued by a private company (provider) licensed from the government. To obtain a SPID for professional use, you must provide a copy of the company’s register, a representative’s identification card, a personal taxpayer identification number (Codice Fiscale) and a health insurance certificate (Tessera Sanitaria). (Depending on the provider, some other documents might be requested)

July 6, 2020 – How to obtain information about a company

The Companies Archive (Registro delle Imprese) is part of an extensive information system contaning all the main information relating to companies (name, bylaws, management, headquarters, etc.) and
all the subsequent events that have occurred to them after registration (for example changes to the bylaws and to company officers, changes in registered address, liquidation, insolvency proceedings, etc.). A search within the Archive database will provide sufficient details to confirm the existence and status of a company. Following registration and the payment of fees, a more detailed search can be conducted and a Company certificate and report (Visura), is available both in Italian and English language.

July 5, 2020 – What is the “Codice Fiscale”

Foreigners living in Italy are often confused by the request of providing their “codice fiscale” which is generally translated as “tax code”. All Italian, foreigners residents in Italy or foreigners who purchaased a prooerty in Italy or are appointed as officers in a company, are required to have their own Tax ID number (Codice Fiscale).

This does not necessarily means that they are subject to Italian taxation. The number is used to identify persons and companies in their dealings with government departments and other parties, and can be obtained at the local Revenue Agency offices (Agenzie delle Entrate) or at Italian Consulates for those living abroad. TheTax ID number can be requested also by foreign citizens not living in Italy and it is required, e.g. for those who are appointed directors of an Italian company (even though they are not Italian residents) or those who purchase a real estate in the country, to rent a property and to open a bank account.

July 4, 2020 – What is a PEC email address

PEC email address refers to a certified email address. It is a system peculiar to Italy, and since 2005, it is an e-mail system that can be issued only by authorized operators, which is defined by the law (Presidential Decree No. 26 /2005). By law, sending emails and documents through PEC has the same validity as sending them with registered mail, and since it is legally valid, it is used when you want (need) to prove that you actually sent the mail. It should be noted that all companies established in Italy are legally required to have a PEC email address, which is registered in the company register (Visura camerale), and this information is open to the public. In addition, certain procedures must be performed through PEC, and the administration may notify you to your PEC address directly, and the service may be delivered in judicial matters, which is very important for businesses.

July 3 , 2020 – How to purchase an Italian castle

Have you ever dreamed to own a palace and dine in a dining room with a huge fireplace and trophies on the wall? Your dream could become affordable because there are plenty of historical buildings on sale in Italy. Some properties are privately owned and have been owned for centuries by the same family. In recent years, however, due to the increasing costs of maintenance, cuts in government subsidies to maintain historical properties and an increase in property taxes, many of these properties were put on the market. Furthermore, many historical and valued buildings are also owned by the State, see https://www.agenziademanio.it/opencms/it/ and http://www.patrimoniopubblicoitalia.it/en-gb
The State has started a program to sell it or lease it. Many of the assets (which include palaces, villas and hotels) need to be redeveloped but several are in city centers and attractive locations and prices can be lower than market prices.

July 2, 2020 -Can I obtain Italian passport through investment

Italy does not have a citizenship by investment program. The Investor visa for Italy program grants a 2 years visa and residence permit to applicants who make significant investments in Italy. However, Italian citizenship can be applied for only after 10 years of legal and uninterrupted residency in the country.


The Italian Government has lifted travel restrictions as from 1 July for residents of the following countries: Algeria, Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Rwanda, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, China (subject to confirmation of reciprocity).
Travellers from the listed 14 countries no longer need to have “work, urgent or health reasons” for entering the country but will continue to be required to self-isolate for 14 days, under the supervision of the competent health authorities, at their home or other address of their choice or at a facility designated by the regional Civil Protection authority.
Travellers from all other countries willneed to have “work, urgent or health reasons” for being allowed entry but “entry for STUDY” has been added. They will also continue to be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
For countries where travel restrictions continue to apply, the following categories of people should be exempted from the restrictions:
• EU citizens and their family members
• long-term EU residents and their family members
• travellers with an essential function or need, as listed in the Recommendation.

June 30, 2020 – What is a “VISURA CAMERALE” (Company Certificate)

The Companies Archive (Registro delle Imprese) is part of an extensive information system contaning all the main information relating to companies (name, bylaws, management, headquarters, etc.) and
all the subsequent events that have occurred to them after registration (for example changes to the bylaws and to company officers, changes in registered address, liquidation, insolvency proceedings, etc.). It is possible for third parties to make a search within the Archive database and obtain the so called “Visura Camerale” that contains details to confirm the existence and
status of a company and all other information. The visura is available both in Italian and English language.

June 29, 2020 – What is Apostille? Which office can do it in Italy?

WHAT: The “Apostille” is a stamp that proves that a document obtained in a country is true and and therefore must be recognized and accepted in another country which has executed the Convention
WHY: The Hague Apostille Convention of 196 a treaty signed by more than 100 countries abolishing the requirement of legalization for foreign public documents
WHERE: Apostille in Italy is done by two different offices:
(a) Public Prosecutor Office (Procura della Repubblica): for judicial and notarial documents (atti firmati da notai, personale giudiziario, direttori carceri, ufficiali giudiziari, P.R.A.);
(b) Prefecture (Prefettura): for all other administrative documents (atti firmati da consoli, Camera di Commercio, ufficiali dello stato civile)

June 28, 2020 – Steps to obtain Work permit + Visa + Permit of stay

Even though there may be slight variations from one category to the other, the basic procedure for obtaining a work permit in Italy is the following:
1. Work permit (Nulla Osta) Online application, filed by the Italian employer/host company or by the worker (if self-employed)
2. Visa (Visto) application, filed by the worker at the Italian Consulate which has jurisdiction over his place of residence.
3. The visa cannot be applied for in ITALY! You cannot change your Schengen C Visa (tourist/business) into a Schengen D Visa
4. Entry into Italy. Within 8 days the worker must register at the local Immigration Office (Sportello Unico per l’Immigrazione) and file the application for the residence permit (permesso di soggiorno).

June 27, 2020 – Start a business and obtain work permit and residence permit

Registering a company in Italy does not automatically lead to a work permit/visa/residence permit. Current immigration provisions grant a work visa as director or owner of a company (self-employment) only if such company has been in business for at least 3 years.However, with few exceptions, Italy allows foreigners to register a new ordinary company entirely owned by foreign individuals or companies. Generally speaking, if the company is adequately funded (i.e. it can provie to have sufficient funds to start operations, pay worker’s salarary, taxes and social charges), it can immediately apply to employ non-EU workers through the EU Blue card procedure (reserved to highly qualified workers).

June 26, 2020 – Self-employment visa for freelancers

This visa can be applied for by individuals who are freelance and do not have a company which wants to hire them or sponsors their work permit. The issuance of the visa is subject to Italy’s quota-system, fixed annually and not all self-employment categories are available each year. According to our experience, it is extremely difficult, despite the availability of quotas, to obtain the issuance of a self-employment work visa. Most Consulates have a very restrictive policy and are very cautious before issuing a visa to an applicant who cannot guarantee to have a stable occupation and substantial remuneration in the country. Despite obtaining the necessary clearances in Italy, we see that many applications are rejected by Consulates on various grounds.

June 25, 2020 – Can a foreigner open a bank account?

Foreign citizens resident in Italy can open an ordinary bank account. Also, non-residents can open a bank account for “non-residents”. A valid Tax ID number (Codice Fiscale) and identity document is required to open a current account. Some banks also require presentation of a residency certificate—although not a legal requirement. It is increasingly difficult for foreigners to open a non-resident account and the applicant will need to prove that funds to be transferred are their own funds, to be introduced by an existing customer and confirm not to be politically exposed and not subject to any criminal proceedings.

June 24, 2020 – Italian citizenship and residency rights to same-sex partners

Non-EU nationals who have entered into a legally registered civil partnership with an Italian national can also apply for Italian Citizenship. An application can be made 2 years after the marriage if residing in Italy or 3 years after if residing abroad. The law also requires knowledge of Italian to at least B1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL). Those who have a long-term EU residence permit, those who comply with the Integration Agreement provisions or those who have a qualification from an Italian state school or state-recognized private school, are exempt from this requirement.

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